The Psychology Of Emotions, Feelings and Thoughts

How Should I Deal with Negative Emotions?

Controlling Anger Before It Controls You. American Psychological

References supporting recommendations used in Active Coping

Problem Solving Mayer, R. (1992). Thinking, problem solving, cognition. Second edition. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Newell, A., Simon, H.A. (1972). Human problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Robertson, S.I., (2001) "What is a problem?" Problem Solving. New York: Psychology Press, p.2.

Find Humor Weisenberg M, Tepper I, Schwarzwald J. Humor as a cognitive technique for increasing pain tolerance. Pain. 1995;63:207-212.

Ziegler J. Immune system may benefit from the ability to laugh. J National Cancer Institute. 1995;87: 342-343.

'Pay Attention To Your Feelings' cite: Albert Ellis (1962) Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy. New York. Lyle Stuart. A classic text by a leader in the field.

'Do Expressive Writing': James W. Pennebaker. "Writing About Emotional Experiences as a Therapeutic Process" Psychological Science 8.3 May 1997: 162-166. Multiple studies with cancer patients and patients with chronic disease have found that writing has improved medical outcomes. For example, in 2004 Zakowski and colleagues published a study in Health Psychology that found that at a 6 month followup, patients who wrote for 20 minutes a day about their emotions were more able to tolerate stress than those who wrote about non emotional topics. Written disclosure buffered the effects of social constraints on stress at 6- month follow-up. Zakowski et al 2004, Health Psychology. USA.

Join a Group Fobair, P. (1997). Cancer support Groups and Group Therapies: Part I, Historical and Theoretical Background and Research on Effectiveness. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, , 15(1), 63-81.

Fobair, P. (1997). Cancer Support Groups and Group Therapies:, Part II: Process, Organizational, Leadership, and Patient Issues. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 15(3/4), 123-147.

Fobair, P. (1998). Cancer Support Groups and Group Therapies. In J. Williams & K. Ell, Mental Health Research. Washington, DC: NASW Press.

Giese-Davis, J., Koopman, C., Butler, L. D., Classen, C., Cordova, M., Fobair, P., et al. (2002). Change in emotion-regulation strategy for women with metastatic breast cancer following supportive-expressive group therapy. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 70(4), 916-925

David Spiegel and Catherine Classen, Group Therapy for Cancer Patients: A Research-based Handbook of Psychosocial Care. Basic/Perseus Books, New York, 2000.

Exercise/ Take a Walk--}Physical exercise improved mortality risk, physical energy, mood, vigor, and sexual functioning in 11 or more research projects with cancer patients.

In 2005 Dr. Holmes and colleagues reported a study of 2,987 Nurses with breast cancer followed from 1984-2002, comparing those who walked 3-5 miles p/wk vs. those were less active. Results: the unadjusted mortality risk reduction was 6% at 10 years for those who walked 3 –5 miles per week. per week. Holmes et al 2005, Journal of the American Medical Association. USA.

Thorsen and colleagues (2005) published a study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology that compared 111 cancer patients in a 14 week physical training program to those who were not. At the end of the study the active patients had more energy than the others. Thorsen et al 2005 Journal of Clinical Oncology. Norway.

In 2004 Pinto and Trunzo reported a study of 40 women with breast cancer who exercised and compared their scores with 79 sedentary breast cancer patients. Regular exercisers reported more positive attitudes re: physical condition, vigor, sexual attractiveness, less confusion, fatigue, depression and better mood. Pinto & Trunzo 2004. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. USA

Deep Breathing Murray, MT, Pizzorno JE Jr (2006). Stress management. In JE Pizzorno Jr, MT Murray, eds., Textbook of Natural Medicine, 3rd ed., vol.1 pp. 701-708. St. Louis: Churchill Livingstone.

Payne R (2005). Relaxtion Techniques: A Practical Handbook for the Health Care Professional. 3 ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Lovingstone.

'Meditation, Relax, Let Go': Richard J. Davidson, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Jessica Schumacher, et al. Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 65: 564-570 (2003).

Multiple studies have found improvements in sleep quality, mood, stress,, cancer- related symptoms, and overall quality of life. Bower et al, 2005, Cancer Control. USA.

Yoga can be helpful. In a study from Canada, 38 cancer survivors randomly assigned (20/18) to a 7-week yoga program had better quality of life, better emotional function, and fewer physical symptoms. Culos-Reed et al, 2006, PsychoOncology. Canada.

Twenty studies on meditation (397 intervention/561controls) found benefit for cancer patients in better mood, less anxiety, better autoimmune function, and less emotional disturbance. Arias et al 2006, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Med. USA.

Cameron studied 154 breast cancer patients following a 12 week intervention with relaxation, guided imagery, meditation, emotional expression, behavior modification reported increase in relaxation techniques, sense of control, emotional well-being, coping, and less cancer worry. Cameron et al 2006, PsychoOncology, NZ.

'Forgive Self or Others' :
Dr. Robert Enright, Forgiveness is a Choice, American Psychological Association, 2001. ISBN 1-55798-757-2.

Frederic Luskin, Ph.D. Forgive for Good: A Proven Prescription for Health and Happiness. New York: Harper Collins. 2002.

References to other published work

Patricia Fobair, LCSW, MPH
Fobair, P., Bloom J., Hoppe R, Varghese A, Cox R, Speigel D. (1989). Work Patterns Among Long-term Survivors of Hodgkin's Disease. New York: Praeger.

Fobair, P., Hoppe, R. T., Bloom, J., Cox, R., Varghese, A., & Spiegel, D. (1986). Psychosocial problems among survivors of Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 4(5), 805-814.

Fobair, P., Koopman, C., DiMiceli, S., O'Hanlan, K., Butler, L. D., Classen, C., et al. (2002). Psychosocial intervention for lesbians with primary breast cancer. Psychooncology, 11(5), 427-438.

Fobair, P., O'Hanlan, K., Koopman, C., Classen, C., Dimiceli, S., Drooker, N., et al. (2001). Comparison of lesbian and heterosexual women's response to newly diagnosed breast cancer. Psychooncology, 10(1), 40-51.

Fobair, P., Stewart, S. L., Chang, S., D'Onofrio, C., Banks, P. J., & Bloom, J. R. (2005). Body image and sexual problems in young women with breast cancer. Psychooncology.

Fobair P. & Zabora, J., & (1995). Family Functioning after a Cancer Diagnosis: Issues and Measurements. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 13 (1-2), 97-114.

Rosenbaum, E., Gautier, H., Fobair, P., Neri, E., Festa, B., Hawn, M., et al. (2004). Cancer supportive care, improving the quality of life for cancer patients. A program evaluation report. Support Care Cancer, 12(5), 293-301.

Rosenbaum, E., Spiegel, D., Fobair, P., Gautier, H.,. (2007). Everyone's Guide to Cancer Survivorship: A Road Map for Better Health: Andrew McNeel Publishing.

Fobair, P., Stearns, N., Christ, G., Dozier-Hall, D., Newman, N.W., Zabora, J., et al., Historical Threads in the Development of Oncology Social Work, Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, Routledge, 27: 155-215, 2009, published online:21 August 2012.

Fobair, P. (2011). Spirituality and Cancer Survivorship: Chapter 20, In J. L..Lester & P. Schmitt (Eds.), Cancer Rehabilitation and Survivorship: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Personalized Care (pp. 205-212). Pittsburg: Oncology Nursing Society.

Wnuk, M., Marcinkowski, J.T., Fobair, P. (2012) The Relationship of Purpose in Life and Hope in Shaping Happiness Among Patients with Cancer in Poland. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 30, (4) 461-483, 2012.

Robert Matano, Ph.D
A pilot study of an interactive website in the workplace for reducing alcohol consumption
RA Matano, C Koopman, SF Wanat et al, 2007, Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Vol 32, (1), pps 71-80. Elsevier

The Employee Stress and Alcohol Project: the development of a computer-based alcohol abuse prevention program for employees. RA Matano, KT Futa, SF Wanat, LM Mussman (2000) Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research. Vol 27(2)pps 152-165.

Thomas F. Nagy, Ph.D.
Rodney U Anderson, Thomas F. Nagy, Elaine K.Orenberg, Angie Morey, Patricia Glow. Feasibility Trial of Medical Hypnosis and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Men With Refractory Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome. UroToday International Journal. 2011 Aug;4(4):

David Spiegel, MD
Group Support for Patients with Metastatic Cancer: A Randomized Prospective Outcome Study. David Spiegel, MD; Joan R Bloom PhD, Irvin Yalom, MD. Archies of General Psychiatry. 1981;38(5):527-533

Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An Assessment of the Evidence.
Committee on Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Institute of Medicine. (David Spiegel M.D. Contributor) The National Academies Press, Washington D.C. 2008.

Everyone's Guide to Cancer Survivership: A Road Map for Better Health,
by Ernest H. Rosenbaum, M.D., David Spiegel, M.D., Patricia Fobair, LCSW MPH, Holly Gautier, R.N. Kansas City, MO: Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC, October 2007.